Strong, William Duncan, 1899–1962, American anthropologist, b. Portland, Oreg., grad. Univ. of California (B.A., 1923; Ph.D., 1926). He served as curator at the Chicago Field Museum (1926–29) and as senior anthropologist at the Bureau of American Ethnology (1931–37) and taught at the Univ. of Nebraska (1929–31) and at Columbia (1937–62). Trained in both archaeology and ethnography, Strong was a proponent of using ethnographic and historical sources in the interpretation of archaeological remains. He conducted research in Labrador, the Great Plains, Honduras, and Peru. His writings include An Introduction to Nebraska Archeology (1935), Cultural Resemblances in Nuclear America (1951), and Cultural Stratigraphy in the Viru Valley, Northern Peru (with Clifford Evans, 1952).