Sturgis, Russell (stûrˈjĭs) [key], 1836–1909, American architect and writer, b. Baltimore co., Md., grad. College of the City of New York, 1856. He practiced architecture until 1880; the buildings he designed include the Flower Hospital in New York City and a chapel and several dormitories at Yale Univ. A leading authority on the history of architecture and art, Sturgis published many articles and gave lectures at universities and museums. He was first president (1895–97) of the Fine Arts Federation and president (1889–93) of the Architectural League of New York. His writings include European Architecture (1896), A Dictionary of Architecture and Building (3 vol., 1901–2), and History of Architecture (4 vol., 1906–15; Vol. III–IV completed after his death by A. L. Frothingham, Jr.).