Sue, Eugène (özhĕnˈ sü) [key], 1804–57, French novelist, whose name was originally Marie-Joseph Sue. A surgeon in the French navy, he went into exile when Napoleon III came to power. Sue's popular and sensational tales of the Parisian underworld and slum life embraced humanitarian and reform ideals. Among them are Les Mystères de Paris (pub. serially, 1842–43; tr. The Mysteries of Paris, 1844) and Le Juif errant (1844–45; tr. The Wandering Jew, 1845).