William Henry Fox Talbot

Talbot, William Henry Fox, 1800–1877, English inventor of photographic processes (see photography, still). A man of enormously versatile intelligence, he invented the "photogenic drawing" process in 1834. From 1841 on he patented his numerous processes for making negatives and positive prints, called calotypes and later talbotypes. His patents threatened to impede the technical progress of the medium and Talbot was forced to release his processes. His relationships with other early photographers and photographic inventors were very bitter. Talbot wrote The Pencil of Nature (1844), one of the first books illustrated with photographs. Interested also in archaeology, he was one of the first to decipher the cuneiform inscriptions at Nineveh.

See studies by A. Jammes (1974) and L. J. Schaaf (2000).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on William Henry Fox Talbot from Fact Monster:

  • Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre - Daguerre, Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, Louis Jacques Mandé , 1789–1851, French ...
  • PHOTOGRAPHY - The word photography comes from two Greek words meaning “light” and “drawing.” Photography is the process and the art of creating fixed images using t
  • still photography: The Invention of Photography - The Invention of Photography The necessary first breakthrough in photography was in a different, ...
  • CAMERAS - A camera is a device that records pictures. It consists of a sealed box that catches the light rays given off by a source. A lens at the front of the

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Technology: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe