Tallien, Thérésa Cabarrus (tārāzäˈ käbärüsˈ tälyăNˈ) [key], 1773–1835, French political figure, of Spanish parentage. The divorced wife of a marquis de Fontenay, she became intimate with the revolutionary Jean Lambert Tallien, whom she married (1794) and whose policies she influenced strongly. She was nicknamed Notre Dame de Thermidor in allusion to her husband's part in the coup of 9 Thermidor (1794). Her salon was famous, and she originated the neo-Greek feminine styles of the Directoire period. Having divorced Tallien in 1802, she married the banker Caraman, who was later created prince de Chimay.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.