Taylor, Frederick Winslow, 1856–1915, American industrial engineer, b. Germantown, Pa., grad. Stevens Institute of Technology, 1883. He was called the father of scientific management. His management methods for shops, offices, and industrial plants were successfully introduced in many industries, notably steel mills. He was the author of The Principles of Scientific Management (1911), Shop Management (1911), Concrete Costs (with S. E. Thompson, 1912), and Scientific Management (ed. by C. B. Thompson, 1914).
See the memorial volume ed. by the Taylor Society, New York (1920, repr. 1972); studies by S. Kakar (1970) and R. Kanigel (1997).