Nguyen Van Thieu

Thieu, Nguyen Van (nəwēˈĕn vän tēˈō, tyō) [key], 1924–2001, president of the former Republic of South Vietnam (1967–75). After World War II, he joined the Viet Minh, but then left it to join what became the South Vietnamese National Army (ARVN). He rose rapidly, becoming a division commander. In 1963, he helped lead the coup overthrowing President Diem. Together with Nguyen Cao Ky, Thieu was a leading force in a succession of South Vietnamese governments from 1963 to 1967. He was elected president in 1967 and retained office in a rigged election in 1971. Thieu was reluctant to sign the Paris Agreement (1973) until promised U.S. military aid. When North Vietnam launched an offensive in 1975 (see Vietnam War), no aid was forthcoming, and Thieu abandoned the northern half of the country, leading to a rout. He went into exile a few days before the Communist victory.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Nguyen Van Thieu from Fact Monster:

  • Nguyen Van Thieu - Nguyen Van Thieu: Nguyen Van Thieu: see Thieu, Nguyen Van.
  • Vietnam War - Vietnam War U.S., South Vietnam, and Allies versus North Vietnam and National Liberation Front ...
  • Vietnam: Rulers - Vietnam: Rulers North Vietnam Presidents Ho Chi Minh (1945–1969) Ton Duc Thang ...
  • This Day in History: September 29 - September 29 1399 King Richard II became the first English monarch to abdicate his throne. 1829 Sir ...
  • This Day in History: September 3 - September 3 1189 Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) was crowned king of England at Westminster Abbey. ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Southeast Asia History: Biographies