Saint Thomas Aquinas
Introduction Thomas Aquinas, Saint
] [Lat., = from Aquino], 1225–74, Italian philosopher and theologian, Doctor of the Church, known as the Angelic Doctor, b. Rocca Secca (near Naples). He is the greatest figure of scholasticism
, one of the principal saints of the Roman Catholic Church, and founder of the system declared by Pope Leo XIII (in the encyclical Aeterni Patris,
1879) to be the official Catholic philosophy.
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