Thwing, Charles Franklin (twĭng) [key], 1853–1937, American educator and Congregational clergyman, b. New Sharon, Maine, grad. Harvard, 1876, and Andover Theological Seminary, 1879. Until 1890 he served parishes in Cambridge, Mass., and Minneapolis. He was president of Western Reserve Univ. (now Case Western Reserve Univ.) and of Adelbert College (the men's college of that university) from 1890 to his retirement in 1921 and a trustee of the Carnegie Foundation after 1905. He wrote many books on religion and education, including The College President (1926), Education and Religion (1929), and The American College and University (1935).