Tugwell, Rexford Guy, 1891–1979, American economist and political scientist, b. Chautauqua co., N.Y., grad. Wharton School, Univ. of Pennsylvania (B.S., 1915; Ph.D., 1922). He taught economics at the Univ. of Pennsylvania (1915–17), the Univ. of Washington (1917–18), and Columbia (1920–37). Under Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Tugwell was Assistant Secretary (1933) and Under Secretary (1934–37) of Agriculture, and as a member of the Brain Trust he helped draw up the Agricultural Adjustment Act. He was appointed (1938) chairman of the New York City planning commission and later (1941) governor of Puerto Rico. From 1946 to 1957 he taught at the Univ. of Chicago. After 1966, Tugwell was a senior fellow of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. He wrote many books on economics and government, including The Emerging Constitution (1974).
See his autobiography (1962); study by B. Sternsher (1964).