Tupolev, Andrei Nikolayevich (əndrāˈ nyĭkəlĪˈəvĭch tōpōˈlĕf) [key], 1888–1972, Soviet aeronautical engineer, educated at the Moscow Technical Institute. In 1918 he helped organize the Central Aerodynamics Institute, the first aerodynamics research institution in the USSR. Tupolev was the first in the USSR to design all-metal aircraft. Several of his military designs were widely used during World War II, and he later designed several jet-propelled military and commercial aircraft. Tupolev is widely considered the foremost aircraft designer of the USSR. His son, Aleksei Andreyevich Tupolev, 1925–2001, was also an aircraft designer. He created a number of the Soviet Union's planes, including its first jetliner, first supersonic passenger jet, and a long-range supersonic bomber.