Tzara, Tristan (trēstäNˈ tsäˈrä) [key], 1896–1963, French writer, b. Romania. He studied at the Univ. of Zürich, where he and his friends formulated the dadaist movement initially as a pacifist statement (see Dada). His theories are expressed in Sept manifestes dada [seven dadaist manifestos] (1924). Tzara moved to Paris in 1921 and worked with André Breton. His poetry is collected in Vingt-cinque Poèmes (1918) and De la coup aux lèvres (1961).
See his Approximate Man and Other Writings (tr. 1973).