Wallon, Henri Alexandre (äNrēˈ älĕksäNˈdrə välôNˈ) [key], 1812–1904, French historian and politician. He was elected (1871) to the national assembly, and it was his proposal (1875) that led to the adoption of the organic laws that formed the constitution of the Third Republic. As minister of public instruction (1875–76), he was accused of supporting Roman Catholic interests and was forced to resign. Wallon's major field of historical scholarship was the French Revolution. His Histoire du tribunal révolutionnaire (6 vol., 1880–82) contained much new material and connected the work of the tribunal with the general revolutionary movement.
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