Whitman, Charles Otis, 1842–1910, American zoologist, b. Woodstock, Maine, grad. Bowdoin, 1868, Ph.D. Univ. of Leipzig, 1878. From 1892 he was professor of zoology at the Univ. of Chicago. He founded (1887) and edited the Journal of Morphology and was a founder and director (1888–1908) of the Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Mass. He wrote on animal behavior, embryology, evolution, microscopical anatomy, and other subjects. Posthumous Works (3 vol.) appeared in 1919.