Wickram, Jörg (yörk vĭkˈräm) [key], c.1505–62, German writer. Wickram wrote Meisterlieder, farces such as Der treue Eckart [faithful Eckart] (1538), biblical drama such as Tobias (1550), and the first original German novel, Historie von Reinhart und Gabriotto (1551). His last book, Von guten und bösen Nachbarn [of good and bad neighbors] (1556) marked the transition from medieval epic to social novel. Das Rollwagenbüchlein [the little wagon book] (1555), a collection of anecdotes and witty tales, is considered his most successful work.
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