Aritomo Yamagata

Yamagata, Aritomo (ärēˈtōmō yämäˈgätä) [key], 1838–1922, Japanese soldier and statesman, chief founder of the modern Japanese army. A samurai of Choshu, he took part in the Meiji restoration. He studied military science in Europe and returned in 1870 to head the war ministry. Strongly influenced by Prussian military and political ideas and favoring military expansion abroad and authoritarian government at home, he supported Japanese military control of Taiwan, Korea, and Manchuria. As home minister (1883–87) he dissolved the new political parties and repressed the agrarian movement. In 1900, while premier, he ruled that only an active military officer could serve as war or navy minister, a rule that gave the military control over any cabinet. From 1900 to 1910 he opposed Hirobumi Ito, leader of the civilian party, and exercised influence through his protégé, Taro Katsura. As president of the privy council from 1909 to 1922, he was the power behind the throne and the leading advocate for higher military appropriations.

See R. F. Hackett, Yamagata Aritomo in the Rise of Modern Japan, 1838–1922 (1971).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Aritomo Yamagata from Fact Monster:

  • Taro Katsura - Katsura, Taro Katsura, Taro , 1847–1913, Japanese statesman. A Choshu clansman, and a ...
  • genro - genro genro [ Jap.,=elder statesmen], a group that exercised collective leadership in Japan from ...
  • Meiji - Meiji Meiji , 1852–1912, reign name of the emperor of Japan from 1867 to 1912; his given name ...
  • Recent Rulers of Japan - Recent Rulers of Japan Name Date rule began Date rule ended Born Died Yamato dynasty Mutsuhito ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Japanese History: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe