Żeromski, Stefan (stĕˈfän zhĕrômˈskē) [key], 1864–1925, Polish writer. Family tragedies and emotional troubles contributed to the pessimistic strain evident in his revolutionary idealism. Among his novels are The Homeless People (1900), which won a national prize, Ashes (1904, tr. 1928), which dealt with cynicism and brutality in the Napoleonic era, and Faithful River (1912, tr. 1943). Most of his works are intensely nationalistic. Much of Żeromski's life was spent in exile.