Zuloaga, Ignacio (ēgnäˈthyō thōlōäˈgä) [key], 1870–1945, Spanish painter. He was the son of a celebrated Basque goldsmith. Zuloaga lived chiefly in Paris after 1889, but his subjects were usually Spanish. His figures, often Basque peasants or bullfighters, are usually richly colored against a somber background. Among his paintings are Uncle David and His Family (Mus. of Fine Arts, Boston); a self-portrait and The Family of a Gypsy Bullfighter (Hispanic Society, New York City.) There is a museum of his work in Madrid.