acetone (ăsˈĭtōn) [key], dimethyl ketone dĪmĕthˈəl kēˈtōn, or 2-propanone prōˈpənōn, CH3COCH3, colorless, flammable liquid. Acetone melts at - 94.8°C and boils at 56.2°C. It is the simplest aliphatic ketone. Acetone is widely used in industry as a solvent for numerous organic substances and is a component of most paint and varnish removers. It is used in the manufacture of synthetic resins and fillers, smokeless powders (e.g., cordite), and numerous other organic compounds. Acetone is produced commercially chiefly by catalytic dehydrogenation of isopropanol.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on acetone from Fact Monster:

  • dimethyl ketone - dimethyl ketone: dimethyl ketone: see acetone.
  • 2- propanone - propanone, 2- propanone, 2-, IUPAC name for acetone.
  • acetylene - acetylene acetylene or ethyne, HCtriple bondCH, a colorless gas. It melts at -80.8°C and boils ...
  • isopropanol - isopropanol isopropanol, isopropyl alcohol,or 2-propanol, (CH3)2CHOH, a colorless liquid that is ...
  • Chaim Weizmann - Weizmann, Chaim Weizmann, Chaim , 1874–1952, scientist and Zionist leader, first president ...

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