adenosine monophosphate

adenosine monophosphate (AMP)ədĕnˈəsēn mŏnˌəfŏsˈfāt, organic compound composed of an adenine base, the sugar ribose, and one phosphate unit. AMP is one of the possible products of the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and is therefore important in the transfer of chemical energy during anabolism. Cyclic AMP, a very close structural relative of AMP containing an additional ester linkage between the phosphate and ribose units, can act as a secondary messenger for several hormones. It also plays a role in the transcription of some genes (see nucleic acid).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on adenosine monophosphate from Fact Monster:

  • AMP - AMP: AMP: see adenosine monophosphate.
  • cyclic AMP - cyclic AMP: cyclic AMP: see adenosine monophosphate.
  • adenine - adenine adenine , organic base of the purine family. Adenine combines with the sugar ribose to form ...
  • glucagon - glucagon glucagon , hormone secreted by the α cells of the islets of Langerhans, specific ...
  • Earl Wilbur Sutherland - Sutherland, Earl Wilbur Sutherland, Earl Wilbur, 1915–1974, American pharmacologist and ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Biochemistry