alpine plants

alpine plants, high-altitude representatives of various flowering plants (chiefly perennials) that because of their dwarf habit, profuse blooming, and the preference of many for shady places are cultivated in alpine and rock gardens. Some species require specially constructed gardens duplicating mountain terrain, including systems for supplying cool water underground, comparable to the melting snows of their natural habitat. Others thrive without special care in favorable conditions (e.g., cool climate, short growing season, and alkaline, rocky soil). Alpine species of gentians, saxifrages, and stonecrops are among those most commonly planted. Many garden plants (e.g., roses, irises, and primroses) have alpine representatives. The edelweiss is a popular alpine.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on alpine plants from Fact Monster:

  • angelica - angelica angelica , any species of the genus Angelica, plants of the family Umbelliferae (parsley ...
  • garden - garden garden, land set aside for the cultivation of flowers, herbs, vegetables, or small fruits, ...
  • rock garden - rock garden rock garden, garden planned around natural rock formations or rocks artificially ...
  • dwarf tree - dwarf tree dwarf tree, in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than ...
  • Innsbruck - Innsbruck Innsbruck , city (1991 pop. 118,112), capital of Tyrol prov., SW Austria, on the Inn ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Botany: General