American Philosophical Society

American Philosophical Society, first scientific society in America, founded (1743) in Philadelphia. It was an outgrowth of the Junto formed (1727) by Benjamin Franklin. Franklin was the first secretary of the society, and Thomas Hopkinson the first president. In 1769 it merged with the American Society for Promoting Useful Knowledge. The combined organization elected Franklin its first president, an office he held until his death. David Rittenhouse and Thomas Jefferson were his immediate successors. The society, which has a notable library located in Philadelphia, confers membership upon people of distinction in all fields of intellectual and scientific study.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on American Philosophical Society from Fact Monster:

  • David Rittenhouse - Rittenhouse, David Rittenhouse, David, 1732–96, American astronomer and instrument maker, b. ...
  • James Pollard Espy - Espy, James Pollard Espy, James Pollard , 1785–1860, American meteorologist. He developed a ...
  • Benjamin Franklin - Benjamin Franklin inventor, publisher, statesman Born: 1/17/1706 Birthplace: Boston, Mass. Though ...
  • Caspar Wistar - Wistar, Caspar Wistar, Caspar , 1761–1818, American physician, b. Philadelphia, M.D. Univ. of ...
  • William Dunbar, American scientist - Dunbar, William Dunbar, William, 1749–1810, American scientist in the old Southwest, b. near ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Science: General