bunion

bunion, swelling or thickening around the first joint of the big toe. The toe is forced inward and compresses the other toes. The fluid-filled sac, or bursa, in the toe joint becomes inflamed (a condition called bursitis), which may lead to pain, deformity, and an inability to wear ordinary shoes. Bunions may arise from years of wearing ill-fitting shoes. However, congenital bone deformities are usually indicated when they occur on both feet. Proper foot care, especially in selecting shoes, is the most important aspect of treatment and prevention. The toes can often be straightened by pads or splints, and orthopedic shoes are generally prescribed. Serious cases may require surgery.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on bunion from Fact Monster:

  • What does it mean? calumny - calumny -- Listen to the pronunciation: WAV format or AU format Your great-grandmother's ...
  • C.C. Pyle - C.C. Pyle Born: 1882 Promoter known as “Cash and Carry”; hyped Red Grange's pro ...
  • corns and calluses - corns and calluses corns and calluses, thickenings of the outer layer of skin where there is ...
  • bursitis - bursitis bursitis , acute or chronic inflammation of a bursa, or fluid sac, located close to a ...
  • podiatry - podiatry podiatry , science concerned with disorders, diseases, and deformities of the feet, also ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Pathology