butadiene

butadiene (byōtˌədĪˈēn) [key], colorless, gaseous hydrocarbon. There are two structural isomers of butadiene; they differ in the location of the two carbon-carbon double bonds in the butadiene molecule. One (1,2-butadiene) has the formula CH2:C:CHCH3. The other (1,3-butadiene), often called simply butadiene, has the formula CH2:CHCH:CH2; it is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber, latex paints, and nylon and is obtained chiefly by dehydrogenation of butane and butene obtained by cracking petroleum. Chloroprene and isoprene are the 2-chloro- and 2-methyl-derivatives of 1,3-butadiene; they also are used in the synthesis of rubber.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on butadiene from Fact Monster:

  • chloroprene - chloroprene chloroprene or 2-chloro-1,3-butadiene,colorless liquid organic compound used in the ...
  • isoprene - isoprene isoprene or 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, colorless liquid organic compound. It is a ...
  • petrochemical - petrochemical petrochemical, any one of a large group of chemicals derived from a component of ...
  • rubber: Synthetic rubber - Synthetic rubber The more than one dozen major classes of synthetic rubber are made of raw material ...
  • Encyclopedia: Organic Chemistry - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Organic Chemistry.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Organic Chemistry