composite material

composite material or composite, any material made from at least two discrete substances, such as concrete. Many materials are produced as composites, such as the fiberglass-reinforced plastics used for automobile bodies and boat hulls, but the term usually is used to describe any of various modern industrially manufactured composites, such as carbon fiber–reinforced plastics. Composite materials allow a blending of properties of the separate components. Carbon fiber–reinforced plastics combine the high strength and stiffness of the fiber with the low weight and resistance to fracture of the polymeric matrix. Glass, wood, and other kinds of fibers are also used, and the fibers may be layered or woven. Other modern composites include wood fiber or chunks in a concrete matrix and silicon carbide, a ceramic, in a titanium matrix.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on composite material from Fact Monster:

  • MATERIALS - Any substance that is used to make something is a material. Natural materials such as stone and wood are used as they are found in nature. SYNTHETIC m
  • COMPOSITES - A composite is a combination of two or more different materials. The new material combines the best properties, such as strength and lightness, of eac
  • Milestones in Transportation - Milestones in Transportation In the Air IMSI Master Clips 1783 The hot-air balloon ...
  • propeller - propeller propeller, device consisting of a hub with one or more blades that propels a craft to ...
  • armor - armor armor, apparatus for defense of persons, horses, and such objects as vehicles, naval vessels, ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Technology: Terms and Concepts

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe