cyclic compound

cyclic compound, any one of a class of compounds whose molecules contain a number of atoms bonded together to form a closed chain or ring. If all of the atoms that form the ring are carbon, the compound is said to be carbocyclic; if not, the compound is called heterocyclic. Cyclohexane and benzene are homocyclic hydrocarbons; furfural is heterocyclic, as is pyridine. A cyclic compound that behaves chemically like the open-chain aliphatic compounds is said to be alicyclic; cyclohexane is such a compound. Many cyclic compounds exhibit the special properties characteristic of the aromatic compounds.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on cyclic compound from Fact Monster:

  • aromatic compound - aromatic compound aromatic compound, any of a large class of compounds that includes benzene and ...
  • Glossary of Chemical Terms - A - achiral · acid · acidification · adsorption · aerobic · aerogel · alcogel · alcohol · alkaline · alkane · alkylated · allotrope (allotropic form) · amalgam · amide · amphetamines · amphoteric · anabolism · anesthetic · angstrom · anion · anode · anthropogenic · antiaromaticity · antimatter · antisense · aquifer · aromaticity · asteroid · atherosclerosis · atmosphere · atom · autoclave · Avogadro's number
  • Encyclopedia: Organic Chemistry - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Organic Chemistry.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Organic Chemistry