or diabetes mellitus
], chronic disorder of glucose
(sugar) metabolism caused by inadequate production or use of insulin
, a hormone
produced in specialized cells (beta cells in the islets of Langerhans) in the pancreas
that allows the body to use and store glucose. It is a leading cause of death in the United States and is especially prevalent among African Americans. The treatment of diabetes was revolutionized when F. G. Banting
and C. H. Best
isolated insulin in 1921.
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