Greenwich mean time or Greenwich meridian time (GMT), the former name for mean solar time at the original site of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, which is located on the prime meridian. In 1925 the numbering system was changed to make GMT equivalent to civil time at the prime meridian, and in 1928 the International Astronomical Union changed the designation of the standard time of the prime meridian to universal time (UT), which is now in general use.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.