Introduction growth hormone
], glycoprotein hormone
released by the anterior pituitary gland
that is necessary for normal skeletal growth in humans (see protein
). Evidence suggests that the secretion of human growth hormone (HGH) is regulated by the release of certain peptides by the hypothalamus
of the brain. One such substance, called somatostatin, has been shown to inhibit the secretion of HGH. HGH is known to act upon many aspects of cellular metabolism, but its most obvious effect is the stimulation of the growth of cartilage and bone in children.
See also auxins (plant growth hormones).
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