grunt, common name for members of the family Pomadasyidae, carnivorous fish of warm seas, most species of which are small and brightly colored. They are sound-producers, creating their noises by grinding their pharyngeal teeth together. Croakers, which belong to another family, are also sound-producing fish. Grunts are bottom-feeders with large mouths vividly colored in red or orange on the inside. The common, or white, grunt is a favorite food fish found on shallow sandy bottoms from the West Indies to the Carolinas; it averages 1 ft (30 cm) in length and 1 lb (.5 kg) in weight. The many species abundant off the Florida coasts include the margate, blue-striped, and gray grunts and the bizarre porkfish, with a blue-striped yellow body and black head-bands. The California sargo is common along the Pacific coast and the commercially important pigfish is found from Long Island Sound to Texas. Grunts are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Osteichthyes, order Perciformes, family Pomadasyidae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on grunt from Fact Monster:

  • bandicoot rat - bandicoot rat bandicoot rat, giant rat of southern Asia, unrelated to true bandicoots. It is an ...
  • Did dinosaurs communicate? - Did dinosaurs communicate? Dinosaurs probably communicated both vocally and visually. The chambered ...
  • Nicknames for U.S. Soldiers - Nicknames for U.S. Soldiers “Jonny Rebel” A Confederate soldier during the Civil War. ...
  • Maria Sharapova - Biography of Maria Sharapova, The 17-year-old winner of Wimbledon 2004
  • Monica Seles - Biography of Monica Seles, Hard-hitting tennis superstar

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Vertebrate Zoology

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe