Harvard College Observatory

Harvard College Observatory, astronomical observatory located in Cambridge, Mass., operated by Harvard (Harvard College at the time of the observatory's founding in 1839). Its equipment includes a 61-in. (155-cm) reflecting telescope and 15-in. (38-cm) and 12-in. (30-cm) refracting telescopes. Programs of the Harvard Observatory include various aspects of solar physics, stellar and nebular spectroscopy and photometry, and theoretical cosmology. Among the noted directors of the observatory have been W. C. Bond, G. P. Bond, E. C. Pickering, and Harlow Shapley. In 1973 the research programs of the Harvard College Observatory were merged with those of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory to form the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; the observatory itself, however, maintains its separate status under the control of Harvard.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Harvard College Observatory from Fact Monster:

  • George Phillips Bond - Bond, George Phillips Bond, George Phillips, 1825–65, American astronomer, b. near Boston, ...
  • Annie Jump Cannon - Cannon, Annie Jump Cannon, Annie Jump, 1863–1941, American astronomer, b. Dover, Del. In 1897 ...
  • William Cranch Bond - Bond, William Cranch Bond, William Cranch, 1789–1859, American astronomer, b. Portland, ...
  • sundial - sundial sundial, instrument that indicates the time of day by the shadow, cast on a surface marked ...
  • Encyclopedia: Astronomical Observatories - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Astronomical Observatories.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Astronomical Observatories

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe