legume

legume (lĕˈgyōm, lĭgyōmˈ) [key], common name for any plant of the family Leguminosae, which is called also the pulse, legume, pea, or bean family. The word is often used loosely in the plural for vegetables in general. Botanically, a legume is the characteristic fruit of the pulse family plants, called also leguminous plants. It is a pod which usually splits along two sides, with the seeds attached along one of the sutures. The family Leguminosae is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on legume from Fact Monster:

  • pod, in aviation - pod pod, in aviation: see airplane.
  • pod, in botany - pod pod or legume,dehiscent fruit of a member of the family Leguminosae (pulse family). At maturity ...
  • nitrogen cycle: Effects of Artificial Fixation - Effects of Artificial Fixation Nitrogen fixation can also be accomplished artificially by various ...
  • cowpea - cowpea cowpea, black-eyed pea,or black-eyed bean,annual legume (Vigna sinensis) of the pulse ...
  • rotation of crops - rotation of crops rotation of crops, agricultural practice of varying the crops on a piece of land ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Plants