Lick Observatory

Lick Observatory, astronomical observatory located on Mt. Hamilton, Calif., near San Jose; the first mountaintop observatory in the world, it was founded through gifts made by James Lick in 1874–75 and came under the direction of the Univ. of California in 1888; it is now run by the Univ. of California Observatories. The original telescopes at the observatory were a 12-in. (30.4-cm) refracting telescope (1881, since decommissioned) and a 36-in. (91.4-cm) refracting telescope (1888), second largest in the world after the 40-in. (101.6-cm) refractor at Yerkes Observatory. The principal research instrument now is a 120-in. (3-m) reflecting telescope that went into operation in 1960. Other equipment includes 39.4-in. (1-m) and 36-in. (91.4-cm) reflectors.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Lick Observatory from Fact Monster:

  • Mount Hamilton - Hamilton, Mount Hamilton, Mount, peak 4,372 ft (1,333 m) high, W Calif., in the Coast Ranges, E of ...
  • Charles Dillon Perrine - Perrine, Charles Dillon Perrine, Charles Dillon , 1867–1951, American astronomer, b. ...
  • James Edward Keeler - Keeler, James Edward Keeler, James Edward, 1857–1900, American astronomer, b. La Salle, Ill. ...
  • Sherburne Wesley Burnham - Burnham, Sherburne Wesley Burnham, Sherburne Wesley, 1838–1921, American astronomer, b. ...
  • Donald Howard Menzel - Menzel, Donald Howard Menzel, Donald Howard, 1901–76, American astrophysicist, b. Florence, ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Astronomical Observatories