neuron, specialized cell in animals that, as a unit of the nervous system, carries information by receiving and transmitting electrical impulses.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on neuron from Fact Monster:

  • motor neuron disease - motor neuron disease: motor neuron disease: see amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  • NERVOUS SYSTEM - The brain, nerves, and spinal cord make up the nervous system. It processes information from the sense organs and controls conscious “voluntary” actio
  • synapse - synapse synapse , junction between various signal-transmitter cells, either between two neurons or ...
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  • nervous system: Anatomy and Function - Anatomy and Function In vertebrates the system has two main divisions, the central and the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Anatomy and Physiology

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