Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prizes

YearPeaceChemistryPhysicsPhysiology or MedicineLiterature
1901 J. H. DunantFrédéric Passy J. H. van't Hoff W. C. Roentgen E. A. von Behring R. F. A. Sully-Prudhomme
1902 Élie DucommunC. A. Gobat Emil Fischer H. A. LorentzPieter Zeeman Sir Ronald Ross Theodor Mommsen
1903 Sir William R. Cremer S. A. Arrhenius A. H. BecquerelPierre CurieMarie S. Curie N. R. Finsen Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson
1904 Institute of International Law Sir William Ramsay J. W. S. Rayleigh Ivan P. Pavlov Frédéric MistralJosé Echegaray
1905 Baroness Bertha von Suttner Adolf von Baeyer Philipp Lenard Robert Koch Henryk Sienkiewicz
1906 Theodore Roosevelt Henri Moissan Sir Joseph Thomson Camillo GolgiS. Ramón y Cajal Giosuè Carducci
1907 E. T. MonetaLouis Renault Eduard Buchner A. A. Michelson C. I. A. Laveran Rudyard Kipling
1908 K. P. ArnoldsonFredrik Bajer Sir Ernest Rutherford Gabriel Lippman Paul EhrlichÉlie Metchnikoff R. C. Eucken
1909 Auguste BeernaertP. H. B. Estournelles de Constant Wilhelm Ostwald Guglielmo MarconiK. F. Braun Emil T. Kocher Selma Lagerlöf
1910 International Peace Bureau Otto Wallach J. D. van der Waals Albrecht Kossel Paul Heyse
1911 T. M. C. AsserA. H. Fried Marie S. Curie Wilhelm Wien Allvar Gullstrand Maurice Maeterlinck
1912 Elihu Root Victor GrignardPaul Sabatier N. G. Dalen Alexis Carrel Gerhart Hauptmann
1913 Henri La Fontaine Alfred Werner Heike Kamerlingh Onnes C. R. Richet Sir Rabindranath Tagore
1914 T. W. Richards Max von Laue Robert Barany
1915 Richard Willstätter Sir William H. BraggSir William L. Bragg Romain Rolland
1916 Verner von Heidenstam
1917 International Red Cross C. G. Barkla K. A. GjellerupHenrik Pontoppidan
1918 Fritz Haber Max Planck
1919 Woodrow Wilson Johannes Stark Jules Bordet C. F. G. Spitteler
1920 Léon Bourgeois Walther Nernst C. É. Guillaume S. A. S. Krogh Knut Hamsum
1921 Hjalmar BrantingC. L. Lange Frederick Soddy Albert Einstein Anatole France
1922 Fridtjof Nansen F. W. Aston N. H. D. Bohr A. V. HillOtto Meyerhof Jacinto Benavente y Martinez
1923 Fritz Pregl Robert A. Millikan Sir Frederick G. BantingJ. J. R. Macleod W. B. Yeats
1924 K. M. G. Siegbahn Willem Einthoven W. S. Reymont
1925 Sir Austen ChamberlainCharles G. Dawes Richard Zsigmondy James FranckGustav Hertz G. B. Shaw
1926 Aristide BriandGustav Stresemann Theodor Svedberg J. B. Perrin Johannes Fibiger Grazia Deledda
1927 F. É. BuissonLudwig Quidde Heinrich Wieland A. H. ComptonC. T. R. Wilson Julius Wagner-Jauregg Henri Bergson
1928 Adolf Windaus Sir Owen W. Richardson C. J. H. Nicolle Sigrid Undset
1929 Frank B. Kellogg Sir Arthur HardenHans von Euler-Chelpin L. V. de Broglie Christian EijkmanSir Frederick G. Hopkins Thomas Mann
1930 Nathan Söderblom Hans Fischer Sir Chandrasekhara V. Raman Karl Landsteiner Sinclair Lewis
1931 Jane AddamsNicholas Murray Butler Carl BoschFriedrich Bergius Otto H. Warburg E. A. Karlfeldt
1932 Irving Langmuir Werner Heisenberg E. D. AdrianSir Charles Sherrington John Galsworthy
1933 Sir Norman Angell P. A. M. DiracErwin Schrödinger Thomas H. Morgan I. A. Bunin
1934 Arthur Henderson Harold C. Urey G. H. WhippleG. R. MinotW. P. Murphy Luigi Pirandello
1935 Carl von Ossietzky Frédéric Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie Sir James Chadwick Hans Spemann
1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas P. J. W. Debye C. D. AndersonV. F. Hess Sir Henry H. DaleOtto Loewi Eugene O'Neill
1937 E. A. R. Cecil, Viscount Cecil of Chelwood Sir Walter N. HaworthPaul Karrer C. J. DavissonSir George P. Thomson Albert von Szent-Gyorgyi Roger Martin du Gard
1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees Richard Kuhn Enrico Fermi Corneille Heymans Pearl S. Buck
1939 Adolf ButenandtLeopold Ruzicka E. O. Lawrence Gerhard Domagk F. E. Sillanpää
1940
1941
1942
1943 Georg von Hevesy Otto Stern E. A. DoisyHenrik Dam
1944 International Red Cross Otto Hahn I. I. Rabi Joseph ErlangerH. S. Gasser J. V. Jensen
1945 Cordell Hull A. I. Virtanen Wolfgang Pauli Sir Alexander FlemingE. B. ChainSir Howard W. Florey Gabriela Mistral
1946 J. R. MottEmily G. Balch J. B. SumnerJ. H. NorthropW. M. Stanley P. W. Bridgman H. J. Muller Hermann Hesse
1947 American Friends Service Committee and Friends Service Council Sir Robert Robinson Sir Edward V. Appleton C. F. CoriGerty T. CoriB. A. Houssay André Gide
1948 Arne Tiselius P. M. S. Blackett Paul H. Müller T. S. Eliot
1949 John Boyd Orr, Baron Boyd Orr W. F. Giauque Hideki Yukawa W. R. HessEgas Moniz William Faulkner
1950 Ralph J. Bunche Otto DielsKurt Alder C. F. Powell Philip S. HenchEdward C. KendallTadeus Reichstein Bertrand Russel, Earl Russell
1951 Léon Jouhaux Edwin M. McMillanGlenn T. Seaborg Sir John D. CockcroftErnest T. S. Walton Max Theiler Pär F. Lagerkvist
1952 Albert Schweitzer A. J. P. MartinR. L. M. Synge Felix BlochE. M. Purcell S. A. Waksman François Mauriac
1953 George C. Marshall Hermann Staudinger Frits Zernike F. A. LipmannSir Hans A. Krebs Sir Winston L. S. Churchill
1954 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Linus C. Pauling Max BornWalther Bothe J. F. EndersF. C. RobbinsT. H. Weller Ernest Hemingway
1955 Vincent du Vigneaud Willis E. Lamb, Jr.Polykarp Kusch A. H. T. Theorell Halldór K. Laxness
1956 Sir Cyril N. HinshelwoodNikolai N. Semenov W. B. ShockleyW. H. BrattainJohn Bardeen D. W. Richards, Jr.A. F. CournandWerner Forssmann Juan Ramón Jiménez
1957 Lester B. Pearson Sir Alexander R. Todd Tsung-Dao LeeChen Ning Yang Daniele Bovet Albert Camus
1958 Georges Henri Pire Frederick Sanger P. A. CherenkovIgor Y. TammIlya M. Frank Joshua LederbergG. W. BeadleE. I. Tatum Boris L. Pasternak
1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker Jaroslav Heyrovsky Emilio SegrèOwen Chamberlain Severo OchoaArthur Kornberg Salvatore Quasimodo
1960 Albert J. Luthuli W. F. Libby D. A. Glaser Sir Macfarlane BurnetP. B. Medawar St.-John Perse
1961 Dag Hammarskjöld Melvin Calvin Robert HofstadterR. L. Moessbauer Georg von Bekesy Ivo Andrić
1962 Linus C. Pauling M. F. PerutzJ. C. Kendrew L. D. Landau J. D. WatsonF. H. C. CrickM. H. F. Wilkins John Steinbeck
1963 International Committee of the Red CrossLeague of Red Cross Societies Giulio NattaKarl Ziegler Eugene Paul WignerMaria Goeppert MayerJ. Hans D. Jensen Sir John Carew EcclesAlan Lloyd HodgkinAndrew Fielding Huxley George Seferis
1964 Martin Luther King, Jr. Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin Charles Hard TownesNikolai Gennadiyevich BasovAleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov Konrad E. BlochFeodor Lynen Jean-Paul Sartre
1965 United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund Robert Burns Woodward Richard Phillips FeynmanShinichiro TomonagaJulian Seymour Schwinger François JacobAndré LwoffJacques Monod M. A. Sholokhov
1966 Robert S. Mulliken Alfred Kastler Francis Peyton RousCharles Brenton Huggins S. Y. AgnonNelly Sachs
1967 Manfred EigenRonald George Wreyford NorrishGeorge Porter Hans Albrecht Bethe Ragnar GranitHaldan Keffer HartlineGeorge Wald Miguel Angel Asturias
1968 René Cassin Lars Onsager Luis W. Alvarez Robert W. HolleyH. Gobind KhoranaMarshall W. Nirenberg Yasunari Kawabata
1969 International Labor Organization Derek H. R. BartonOdd Hassel Murray Gell-Mann Max DelbrückAlfred D. HersheySalvador B. Luria Samuel Beckett
1970 Norman E. Borlaug Luis Federico Leloir Louis Eugène NéelHans Olof Alfven Julius AxelrodBernard KatzUlf von Euler Alexandr I. Solzhenitsyn
1971 Willy Brandt Gerhard Herzberg Dennis Gabor Earl W. Sutherland Pablo Neruda
1972 Stanford MooreWilliam Howard SteinChristian B. Anfinsen John BardeenLeon N. CooperJohn Robert Schrieffer Gerald M. EdelmanRodney R. Porter Heinrich Böll
1973 Henry A. KissingerLe Duc Tho Ernst Otto FischerGeoffrey Wilkinson Leo EsakiIvar GiaeverBrian D. Josephson Konrad LorenzNikolaas TinbergenKarl von Frisch Patrick White
1974 Sean MacBrideEisaku Sato Paul J. Flory Martin RyleAntony Hewish Albert ClaudeGeorge Emil PaladeChristian de Duve Eyvind JohnsonHarry Martinson
1975 Andrei D. Sakharov John Warcup CornforthVladimir Prelog Aage N. BohrBen Roy MottelsonJames Rainwater David BaltimoreRenato DulbeccoHoward M. Temin Eugenio Montale
1976 Mairead CorriganBetty Williams WIlliam Nunn Lipscomb Burton RichterSamuel Chao Chung Ting Baruch Samuel BlumbergDaniel Carleton Gajdusek Saul Bellow
1977 Amnesty International Ilya Prigogine Philip W. AndersonSir Nevill F. MottJohn H. Van Vleck Rosalyn S. YalowRoger C. L. GuilleminAndrew V. Schally Vicente Aleixandre
1978 Menachem BeginAnwar al-Sadat Peter Mitchell Peter KapitzaArno A. PenziasRobert W. Wilson Werner ArberDaniel NathansHamilton O. Smith Isaac Bashevis Singer
1979 Mother Teresa Herbert C. BrownGeorg Wittig Steven WeinbergSheldon L. GlashowAbdus Salam Allan Macleod CormackGodfrey Newbold Hounsfield Odysseus Elytis
1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Paul BergWalter GilbertFrederick Sanger James W. CroninVal L. Fitch Baruj BenacerrafGeorge D. SnellJean Dausset Czesław Miłosz
1981 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Kenichi FukuiRoald Hoffmann Nicolaas BloembergenArthur SchawlowKai M. Siegbahn Roger W. SperryDavid H. HubelTorsten N. Wiesel Elias Canetti
1982 Alfonso García RoblesAlva Myrdal Aaron Klug Kenneth G. Wilson Sune K. BergströmBengt I. SamuelssonJohn R. Vane Gabriel García Márquez
1983 Lech Wałęsa Henry Taube Subrahmanyan ChandrasekharWilliam A. Fowler Barbara McClintock William Golding
1984 Desmond Tutu R. Bruce Merrifield Carlo RubbiaSimon van der Meer Cesar MilsteinGeorge J. F. KöhlerNiels K. Jerne Jaroslav Seifert
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Herbert A. HauptmanJerome Karle Klaus von Klitzing Michael S. BrownJoseph L. Goldstein Claude Simon
1986 Elie Wiesel Dudley R. HerschbachYuan T. LeeJohn C. Polanyi Ernst RuskaGerd BinnigHeinrich Rohrer Rita Levi-MontalciniStanley Cohen Wole Soyinka
1987 Oscar Arias Sánchez Donald J. CramCharles J. PedersenJean-Marie Lehn K. Alex MüllerJ. Georg Bednorz Susumu Tonegawa Joseph Brodsky
1988 United Nations Peacekeeping Forces Johann DeisenhoferRobert HuberHartmut Michel Leon M. LedermanMelvin SchwartzJack Steinberger Gertrude B. ElionGeorge H. HitchingsSir James Black Naguib Mahfouz
1989 Dalai Lama Thomas R. CechSidney Altman Norman F. RamseyHans G. DehmeltWolfgang Paul J. Michael BishopHarold E. Varmus Camilo José Cela
1990 Mikhail S. Gorbachev Elias James Corey Richard E. TaylorJerome I. FriedmanHenry W. Kendall Joseph E. MurrayE. Donnall Thomas Octavio Paz
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Richard R. Ernst Pierre-Gilles de Gennes Edwin NeherBert Sakmann Nadine Gordimer
1992 Rigoberta Menchú Rudolph A. Marcus Georges Charpak Edmond H. FischerEdwin G. Krebs Derek Walcott
1993 F. W. de KlerkNelson Mandela Kary B. MullisMichael Smith Russell A. HulseJoseph H. Taylor, Jr. Richard J. RobertsPhillip A. Sharp Toni Morrison
1994 Yasir ArafatShimon PeresYitzhak Rabin George A. Olah Clifford G. ShullBertram N. Brockhouse Alfred G. GilmanMartin Rodbell Kenzaburo Oe
1995 Joseph RotblatPugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs Paul CrutzenF. Sherwood RowlandMario Molina Martin L. PerlFrederick Reines Edward B. LewisEric F. WieschausChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard Seamus Heaney
1996 Carlos BeloJosé Ramos-Horta Richard E. SmalleyRobert F. Curl, Jr.Sir Harold W. Kroto David M. LeeRobert C. RichardsonDouglas D. Osheroff Peter C. DohertyRolf M. Zinkernagel Wisława Szymborska
1997 International Campaign to Ban LandminesJody Williams Paul D. BoyerJens C. SkouJohn E. Walker Steven ChuWilliam D. PhillipsClaude Cohen-Tannoudji Stanley B. Prusiner Dario Fo
1998 John HumeDavid Trimble Walter KohnJohn A. Pople Robert B. LaughlinHorst L. StörmerDaniel C. Tsui Robert F. FurchgottLouis J. IgnarroFerid Murad José Saramago
1999 Doctors Without Borders Ahmed H. Zewail Martinus J. G. VeltmanGerardus 't Hooft Günter Blobel Günter Grass
2000 Kim Dae Jung Alan J. HeegerAlan G. MacDiarmidHideki Shirakawa Zhores I. AlferovHerbert KroemerJack S. Kilby Arvid CarlssonPaul GreengardEric Kandel Gao Xingjian
2001 United NationsKofi Annan William S. KnowlesRyoji NoyoriK. Barry Sharpless Eric A. CornellWolfgang KetterleCarl E. Wieman Leland H. HartwellR. Timothy HuntSir Paul M. Nurse V. S. Naipaul
2002 Jimmy Carter John B. FennKoichi TanakaKurt Wüthrich Raymond Davis, Jr.Masatoshi KoshibaRiccardo Giacconi Sydney BrennerH. Robert HorvitzJohn E. Sulston Imre Kertész
2003 Shirin Ebadi Peter C. AgreRoderick MacKinnon Alexei A. AbrikosovVitaly L. GinzburgAnthony J. Leggett Paul C. LauterburSir Peter Mansfield J. M. Coetzee
2004 Wangari Maathai Aaron CiechanoverAvram HershkoIrwin Rose David J. GrossH. David PolitzerFrank Wilczek Richard AxelLinda B. Buck Elfriede Jelinek
2005 International Atomic Energy AgencyMohamed ElBaradei Yves ChauvinRobert H. GrubbsRichard R. Schrock Roy J. GlauberJohn L. HallTheodor W. Hänsch Barry J. MarshallJ. Robin Warren Harold Pinter
2006 Muhammad YunusGrameen Bank Roger Kornberg John C. MatherGeorge F. Smoot Andrew Z. FireCraig C. Mello Orhan Pamuk
2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate ChangeAlbert Arnold Gore, Jr. Gerhard Ertl Albert FertPeter Grünberg Mario R. CapecchiSir Martin J. EvansOliver Smithies Doris Lessing
2008 Martti Ahtisaari Osamu ShimomuraMartin ChalfieRoger Y. Tsien Yoichiro NambuMakoto KobayashiToshihide Maskawa Harald zur HausenFrançoise Barré-SinoussiLuc Montagnier Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio
2009 Barack Obama Venkatraman RamakrishnanThomas A. SteltzAda E. Yonath Charles K. KaoWillard S. BoyleGeorge E. Smith Elizabeth H. BlackburnCarol W. GreiderJack W. Szostak Herta Müller
2010 Liu Xiaobo Richard F. HeckEi-ichi NegishiAkira Suzuki Andre GeimKonstantin Novoselov Robert G. Edwards Mario Vargas Llosa
2011 Ellen Johnson SirleafLeymah GboweeTawakul Karman Dan Shechtman Saul PerlmutterBrian P. SchmidtAdam G. Riess Bruce A. BeutlerJames A. HoffmannRalph M. Steinman Tomas Tranströmer
2012 European Union Robert J. LefkowitzBrian K. Kobilka Serge HarocheDavid J. Wineland Sir John B. GurdonShinya Yamanaka Mo Yan
2013 Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Martin KarplusMichael LevittArieh Warshel François EnglertPeter W. Higgs James E. RothmanRandy W. SchekmanThomas C. Südhof Alice Munro

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