panther, name commonly applied to the leopard, especially to a black leopard. It is also used locally to designate various other cats including the jaguar and the puma. In animal systematics the generic name Panthera is given to all the big roaring cats—the lion, tiger, and leopard—as well as to the jaguar and, in some systems, the snow leopard.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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