spikenard

spikenard (spĪkˈnärd) [key], name for several plants. The biblical spikenard, or nard, was a costly aromatic ointment, preserved in alabaster boxes, whose chief ingredient is believed to have been derived from Nardostachys grandiflora (or N. jatamansi ), a plant of the family Valerianaceae (valerian family). Such was the precious box of ointment that Mary Magdalen broke over Jesus' feet. The American spikenard, or Indian root, is Aralia racemosa, of the family Araliaceae (ginseng family). The fragrant rhizome of both of these plants is still sometimes used medicinally. The false Solomon's seal, of the family Liliaceae (lily family), is sometimes called wild spikenard. Spikenards are all classified in the division Magnoliophyta but differ in the classes, orders, and families to which they belong.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on spikenard from Fact Monster:

  • Solomon's-seal - Solomon's-seal Solomon's-seal, any plant of the genus Polygonatum, north-temperate ...
  • ginseng - ginseng ginseng , common name for the Araliaceae, a family of tropical herbs, shrubs, and trees ...
  • sarsaparilla - sarsaparilla sarsaparilla , common name for various plants belonging to two different classes and ...
  • valerian, in botany - valerian valerian, common name for some members of the Valerianaceae, a family chiefly of herbs and ...
  • Encyclopedia: Plants - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Plants.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Plants