state flowers. Each state of the United States has designated, usually by legislative action, one flower as its floral emblem; the rose has been designated by Congress as the national flower of the United States. The floral emblem of the District of Columbia is the American Beauty rose; the state flowers are: Alabama, camellia; Alaska, forget-me-not; Arizonia, saguaro cactus blossom; Arkansas, apple blossom; California, golden poppy; Colorado, mountain columbine; Connecticut, mountain laurel; Delaware, peach blossom; Florida, orange blossom; Georgia, Cherokee rose; Hawaii, red hibiscus; Idaho, syringa; Illinois, violet; Indiana, peony; Iowa, wild rose; Kansas, sunflower; Kentucky, goldenrod; Louisiana, magnolia; Maine, pine cone and tassel; Maryland, black-eyed Susan; Massachusetts, mayflower; Michigan, apple blossom; Minnesota, lady-slipper; Mississippi, magnolia; Missouri, hawthorn; Montana, bitterroot; Nebraska, goldenrod; Nevada, sagebrush; New Hampshire, purple lilac; New Jersey, violet; New Mexico, yucca; New York, rose; North Carolina, dogwood; North Dakota, prairie rose; Ohio, red carnation; Oklahoma, mistletoe; Oregon, Oregon grape; Pennsylvania, mountain laurel; Rhode Island, violet; South Carolina, yellow jasmine; South Dakota, pasqueflower; Tennessee, iris; Texas, bluebonnet; Utah, sego lily; Vermont, red clover; Virginia, dogwood; Washington, coast rhododendron; West Virginia, rhododendron; Wisconsin, violet; Wyoming, Indian paintbrush.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.