tarsier

tarsier (tärˈsēər) [key], small, nocturnal, forest-dwelling prosimian primate, genus Tarsius. There are at least three species found in the Philippines, in Sumatra and Borneo, and in Sulawesi. Tarsiers are about 6 in. (15 cm) long with a 10 in. (25 cm) hairless tail, and weigh about 4.5 oz (130 g). The body is covered with dense brown fur. Enormous round eyes are set close together in a flat face. Tarsiers' legs are specialized for climbing and jumping and end in long, thin digits bearing adhesive pads. They feed on insects and reptiles. They are believed to mate for life and to form family groups. Tarsiers are classified in the phylum Chordata, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Primates, family Tarsiidae.

See M. Kavanagh, Monkeys, Apes and Other Primates (1983); J. R. Napier and P. H. Napier, The Natural History of the Primates (1985).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on tarsier from Fact Monster:

  • Unusual Animals - A few of the unsung wonders of the animal world.
  • human evolution: The Evolutionary Tree - The Evolutionary Tree Humans are mammals of the Primate order. The earliest primates evolved about ...
  • primate - primate primate, member of the mammalian order Primates, which includes humans, apes, monkeys, and ...
  • Paleocene epoch - Paleocene epoch Paleocene epoch , first epoch of the Tertiary period in the Cenozoic era of ...
  • MAMMALS - A group of warm-blooded animals with a bony skeleton, mammals include mice and other RODENTS, PRIMATES, such as monkeys and humans, and animals as var

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Vertebrate Zoology