Taxila (tăkˈsĭlŭ) [key], archaeological site of three successive cities, near Rawalpindi, Pakistan. There between the 7th cent. B.C. and the 7th cent. A.D. was a flourishing city, famous as an ancient seat of learning. It was occupied (326 B.C.) by Alexander the Great, became prosperous under the empire of Asoka, and was overrun (c.1st–2d cent. A.D.) by the Kushans. It was a center of Buddhist studies and was visited in the 7th cent. by Hsüan-tsang. There are remains of Buddhist stupas and monasteries as well as sculpture of the Gandharan school of art.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Taxila from Fact Monster:

  • Islamabad - Islamabad Islamabad , city (1998 pop. 524,500), capital of Pakistan, NE Pakistan, just NE of ...
  • Gandhara - Gandhara Gandhara , historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus ...
  • Hsüan-tsang - Hsüan-tsang Hsüan-tsang , 605?–664, Chinese Buddhist scholar and translator. He ...
  • Encyclopedia: Archaeology: General - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Archaeology: General.
  • Pakistan - Pakistan Profile: People, Historical Overview, Government and Political Organization, National Security, Economy, Foreign Relations, U.S.-Pakistan Relations

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Archaeology: General

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe