watermelon

watermelon, plant ( Citrullus vulgaris ) of the family Curcurbitaceae (gourd family) native to Africa and introduced to America by Africans transported as slaves. Watermelons are now extensively cultivated in the United States and are popular also in S Russia. The fleshy, juicy fruit is eaten fresh, the rind is pickled, and in Asia the seeds are eaten (the dry wild watermelon was originally domesticated for its seeds). Seedless and thin-rinded cultivated varieties have been developed, and one white-fleshed variety, the citron melon, is used like citron in preserving. Watermelons are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Violales, family Curcurbitaceae.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on watermelon from Fact Monster:

  • Cordele - Cordele Cordele , city (1990 pop. 10,321), seat of Crisp co., S central Ga., on a branch of the ...
  • Minden, city, United States - Minden Minden, city (1990 pop. 13,661), seat of Webster parish, NW La.; settled 1835 by German ...
  • Valdosta - Valdosta Valdosta , city (1990 pop. 29,806), seat of Lowndes co., S Ga., near the Fla. line, in a ...
  • United Arab Emirates: Economy - Economy Industries involving the area's oil and natural-gas deposits are still critical to the ...
  • Melvin Van Peebles - Melvin Van Peebles (Melvin Peebles) director, actor, writer Born: 8/21/1932 Birthplace: Chicago A ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Plants