Aram (āˈrăm) [key], ancient country and people centered in Damascus in S Syria between the 11th and 8th cent. B.C. The Bible records constant contacts between the Hebrews and Aram. The Aramaeans spoke Aramaic, which is a term that refers to a family of languages, of which Syriac is a part. Numerous passages in the Bible speak of Aramaean tribes living in Mesopotamia.