Armour, Philip Danforth (ärˈmər) [key], 1832–1901, American meatpacker, b. Stockbridge, N.Y. Armour's Chicago meatpacking plants introduced new principles of large-scale organization, as well as refrigeration, to the industry. He is said to have been one of the first to notice the tremendous waste in the slaughtering of hogs and to take advantage of the resale value of waste products. His prestige was dimmed by the scandals of 1898–99 in which his packing-house was charged with selling tainted beef.
See biography by H. Leech and J. C. Carroll (1938).
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