arson

arson, at common law, the malicious and willful burning of the house of another. Originally, it was an offense against the security of habitation rather than against property rights. Thus, a tenant could not be convicted of arson for burning the house that he rented from his landlord. Although this rule still holds in some states of the United States, in many others statutes have changed the meaning of the offense. Its application has been extended to buildings, structures, and vehicles that are not dwelling places, and greater stress has been placed on protection of property rights. Some statutes distinguish several degrees of arson, e.g., arson committed at night is considered more serious than arson committed in the daytime. In most states setting fire to one's own property to defraud an insurance company is specified as arson.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on arson from Fact Monster:

  • Fires and Explosions - Fires and Explosions Worst U.S. Forest Fires Whether you're talking about forest fires or ...
  • criminal law: Classification of Crimes - Classification of Crimes Crimes are usually classified as treason, felony, or misdemeanor. The ...
  • nihilism - nihilism nihilism , theory of revolution popular among Russian extremists until the fall of the ...
  • criminology: The Nature and Causes of Crime - The Nature and Causes of Crime Many criminologists regard crime as one among several forms of ...
  • felony - felony felony , any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Crime and Law Enforcement