chintz (chĭnts) [key] [probably Hindustani, = variegated], originally a painted or stained calico from India. Esteemed for its bright colors and designs, it was used in Europe for bedcovers and draperies. Reproductions of Indian designs and also original patterns were soon produced. Especially noted was toile de Jouy, manufactured from 1700 to 1843 at Jouy, near Paris. Both flower motifs and characteristic pictorial scenes are prized by collectors and imitated in modern prints. Modern chintz is usually made up of bright prints on a light background.
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