Cumberland Presbyterian Church, branch of the Presbyterian Church in the United States founded in 1810. In 1906 many of its congregations were united with the main body of the church. It began as a revival movement in the "Cumberland country," a newly settled region of Kentucky and Tennessee. The Cumberland Presbyterian Church has about 88,000 members (1997). In 1869 the 20,000 black members of the pre–Civil War church began to organize a separate church, the Colored Cumberland Presbyterian Church, now called the Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America.
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