Framingham State College, at Framingham, Mass.; chartered 1838, opened 1839 at Lexington, moved to Framingham 1853, a normal school until 1930. Formerly known as the Massachusetts State Teachers College, it adopted its present name in 1960. The college is the oldest existing U.S. school for teachers and was the first under state control. It was established by Horace Mann, and its early success influenced the development of other normal schools.