guru

guru (gōˈrō, gŏrˈō) [key], in Hinduism and Buddhism, spiritual teacher. The guru gives initiation into spiritual practice and instructs disciples, often maintaining a close relationship with them. Among the Sikhs (see Sikhism) the title guru was given to the 10 leaders of the community from Nanak (c.1469–c.1539), founder of Sikhism, to Govind Singh (1666–1708). Govind appointed no successor, declaring that the Granth (the Sikh scriptures) was the true guru.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on guru from Fact Monster:

  • Exercise Trends - A Healthy New Year From yoga to Tae-Bo, new exercises for the resolution-minded by Mike Morrison [ ...
  • Guru - Biography of Guru, Born Keith Elam, Guru began his career in the mid-1980s as MC Keithy E. After dropping out of graduate school to pursue a rap career, Guru r…
  • What Do These People Do? - What Do These People Do? Geisha, gaffer, guru — what do they do? Do cowpunchers jab cows? Do ...
  • Sikh Festival Dates, 2006-2010 - Sikh Festival Dates, 2006-2010 Dates through 2010 for such Sikh Festivals as the birthday of Guru ...
  • SIKHISM - Sikhism was founded about 500 years ago in the Punjab region of India, by a man who became known as GURU Nanak. He taught that all religions share the

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Hinduism