Hazor (hāˈzôr) [key] 1 Fortified city of N Galilee, 5 mi (8 km) SW of Lake Hula, in present-day Israel. Strategically located in ancient Palestine on the road leading from Egypt to Syria and Asia Minor, it was occupied from the early Bronze Age to Hellenistic times. According to the Bible, Joshua destroyed it because it was the center of the league of Canaanite kingdoms. Solomon rebuilt it as one of his strongholds in the north. Tiglathpileser III later destroyed it. Excavations have revealed both the Canaanite and Israelite cities. 2 Unidentified town, ancient Palestine. Joshua 15.23. 3 See Kerioth. 4 Town, the modern Khirbat Hazzar, West Bank, 4 mi (6 km) NW of Jerusalem, occupied after the Exile. 5 Collective name sometimes used for the seminomadic Arabs. 6 Unidentified town, S ancient Palestine. Joshua 15.25. AV has in this verse "Hazor, Hadattah," but RV is more likely correct with "Hazor-hadattah."
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.