Head Start

Head Start, U.S. educational program for disadvantaged preschool children, established under the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. Aimed initially only at poor children, its purpose was to organize programs that would prepare preschool children for elementary school. Money was appropriated through the Office of Economic Opportunity, which made individual grants to cities and other localities to set up Head Start centers. In 1969 the program was transferred to the Dept. of Health, Education and Welfare (now Health and Human Services). It was later extended to children above the poverty level, whose parents, however, had to pay according to their income.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Head Start from Fact Monster:

  • This Day in History: August 20 - August 20 1964 As part of his Great Society policies, Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Economic ...
  • Great Society - Great Society Great Society, in U.S. history, term for the domestic policies of President Lyndon ...
  • Elizabeth J. PATTERSON - PATTERSON, Elizabeth J. (1939—) PATTERSON, Elizabeth J., (daughter of Olin D. Johnston), a ...
  • Catherine Zeta-Jones - Catherine Zeta-Jones actress Born: 9/25/1969 Birthplace: Swansea, Wales Best known for her stunning ...
  • Marian Wright Edelman - Marian Wright Edelman lawyer, civil rights activist, children's advocate Born: 6/6/1939 ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Education: Terms and Concepts